North Fork Radiology performs a full range of specialized x-ray examinations utilizing fluoroscopic technique (real-time xrays) including Barium Enema, Upper GI Series, Small Bowel Series, Barium Swallow, Voiding Cystourethrogram, Hysterosalpingogram. We also perform Bone Densitometry exams.


WHAT IS FLUOROSCOPY?

Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique utilizing X-rays to produce real-time images of various parts of the body. Typically, a technologist or physician performs the exam with the patient on an xray table. The patient table has the ability to rotate and move to best capture various angles of xrays of the body. For some fluoroscopic exams, the patient ingests or has contrast material inserted into various parts of the body to help better highlight specific structures being examined.

WHAT IS A BARIUM ENEMA?

A barium enema is a special x-ray of the lower digestive tract, colon or large intestine. A liquid barium preparation is given by enema to make the colon and rectum visible to x-ray. The barium (contrast medium) makes the area to be examined visible on film. If you are experiencing pain, have a change in bowel habits; diarrhea or bleeding your physician may refer you for a barium enema.

HOW IS AN BARIUM ENEMA EXAMINATION PERFORMED?

You will be asked to undress and place a gown on. You will be positioned on your side for the exam. The technologist will gently insert a specially designed enema tip into your rectum. The barium mixture will start filling the colon. You will need to hold the solution long enough for the technologist to get the necessary x-rays. You will be asked to remain perfectly still and hold your breath for a few moments at a time as the x-ray images are taken. You will be allowed to go to the bathroom just before the final x-rays of your empty colon are taken. After the final pictures have been taken you will be asked to wait. If the Radiologist requires additional pictures they will be taken at this time.

HOW DO I PREPARE FOR A BARIUM ENEMA?

You must go to a local drug store and purchase a fleet prep kit number 2 and follow the instructions. You will be required to be on a clear liquid diet and you will not be permitted to eat or drink anything 4 hours prior to the exam.

WHAT IS AN UPPER GI SERIES
(+/- SMALL BOWEL FOLLOW THROUGH)?

An upper GI Series is an exam of the upper portion of your digestive system, including the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, sometimes extending to examine the full extent of the small bowel). An Upper GI Series can evaluate for a blockage, abnormal growth, ulcer, or a problem with digestive function.

HOW IS AN UPPER GI SERIES PREFORMED?

You will be asked to undress and change into a gown. A technologist will position you on an exam table. During the procedure you will drink barium, a thick, white, milkshake-like liquid. Barium coats the inside lining of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, and small intestines, and makes them show up more clearly on the x-rays. Using a machine called fluoroscope, the Radiologist is also able to watch your digestive system work as the barium moves through it. An Upper GI series takes between 1 and 3 hours. This is dependant on how fast the barium travels through your system and enables the technologist to acquire the proper pictures. The examination is not painful. The barium may cause constipation.

HOW DO I PREPARE FOR AND UPPER GI SERIES?

Your stomach and small intestine must be empty for the procedure to be accurate, so the night before you will not be able to eat or drink anything after midnight.

WHAT IS BONE DENSITOMETRY?

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, or DEXA) is an exam using multiple X-ray beams to measure bone mineral density. Bone Densitometry is typically used to diagnose and follow osteoporosis. Your doctor may order this study if you are over a certain age, or if you have some specific risks for decreased bone density.

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